6th District Court in Bannock County Idaho

Long Distance Parenting


Children feel they are not loved by a parent who doesn’t see them regularly. Children interpret lack of contact as lack of love. So that children feel loved, it is very important for parents to work together to encourage a healthy relationship between children and their far away parent.

Regular Contact by telephone and by mail can go a long way to show love to children who live far away. It lets them know Parents think about them often and still love them. The key is SHOW and TELL.

When writing or telephoning, don’t ask children to give a message to their other parent, don’t ask them about the personal life of their other parent and don’t talk negatively about their other parent. Children who become messengers or spies or who hear bad things about their parents suffer damage. If is better for children when parents communicate directly with each other.


Often at the time of divorce, parents have extreme fears of losing or being denied their relationship with their children. A major move often brings a flashback to these fears and fills parents with desperation as they imagine the difficulty of maintaining a long distance relationship with their children.

When one parent is planning to move, the best way to deal with the other parent is by falling them as soon as possible. Secretiveness will intensify fears and distrust. It is very helpful to reassure the other parent that you will continue to encourage a strong relationship between them and the children. It is also very helpful to reassure children they will continue to have regular contact with their other parent.


“… the physical separation hurts. Many miles means no way to hug, to brush back a forelock of hair, to drop in on football practice, or to watch a first book report being written. The parent separated from the child feels this pain and so does the child” reports Dr. Isolina Ricci in her bestseller, Mom’s House Dad’s (206).


Families separated by distances know “… distance feels final, and gives tangible proof that the parents are separated. A common reaction of children is to fantasize about Mom and Dad getting back together. If a parent or a child has been hoping, however unconsciously, that the old family feeling or the old marriage was not finished, long distance will bring that hope painfully to the surface” (Ricci 206).

Don’t be surprised if feelings (believed to be long since resolved) come back. This gives another chance for closure of the old relationship and another chance for parents to help children gain more closure around the old family structure. Steps in closure include: 1) notice feelings, 2) experience feelings and emotions, 3) let feelings go. Some people worry if they open the door to feelings and experience their emotions, these feelings will fake over, keeping people stuck in the feelings forever. It is such a relief to discover feelings do not come and stay – feelings come and go. Parents need to help children understand that feelings come and go – so children are not afraid of their feelings.


Children of all ages need to have clear and exact understanding of how and when they will have that all-important contact with Mom or Dad. Separation hurts and when children don’t know when they will see or hear from a parent it unnecessarily adds to their pain.

Children who have no idea about the next Contact With 2 parent feel tremendous loss and grieving at the end of each contact with that parent. They truly worry they will never gee that parent again. Parents can reduce stress for children by telling them exactly what the schedule is for contacts with their far away parent.


When a parent interferes with the relationship between children and their other parent, it always backfires in time. This can be 23 Simple 29 showing displeasure when the other parent calls or sands something in the mail or belittling or bad mouthing the other parent or refusing to allow children contact with their other parent. Children who are cut off from a parent often imagine that parent is perfect and ideal. Children fantasize about how wonderful their lives would be if they were with their far away parent. It is usually better for children to have a realistic experience of their parents instead of a relationship they create entirely in their fantasies.

Regardless of the reason for encouraging children not to love or be with their other parent, when children grow up they usually blame the home-base parent for the relationship they didn’t get to have with their other parent.


Parents can use the same ways they use to encourage a positive healthy relationship between children and their far away grandparents. For instance – speak positively about the other parent, fell children it’s OK to love their other parent, help children look forward to being with their other parent, talk about their being with the other parent as safe and enjoyable, let children have photos of their far away parent, help them keep a scrapbook of the time with their far away parent, be happy and excited when children receive mail or photo’s from their other parent, and make it possible for children to be at home during the time their other parent has arranged to telephone.

Children are sensitive to how parents feel and believe they will hurt one parent if they enjoy being with their other parent. Parents help children by assuring them they deserve to feel good about their relationships with both parents! Reassure children that enjoying a good relationship with one parent doesn’t take away from their relationship with the other parent.


A common complaint from children who see a far away parent is that they spend more time with the stepparent and step family thin they do with their Mom or Dad. Often children have been looking forward to this time and have all kinds of expectations about how they will spend the time with their Dad or Mom. Discuss ahead of time what will be happening and what children can expect when they will be with their far away parent. Children always cope better when they have predictability.

Children treasure time alone with a parent they haven’t seen for a while. Parents should include work, play and time alone with children when they are together. Plan some one-on-one time with each child!


This is a common concern among parents whether or not they live far away. Children need to be able to manage their own relationship with a stepparent. Sometimes a parent gives the impression their feelings are hurt or children are disloyal if children like a stepparent. This unfairly puts children in the middle of parents’ insecurities and creates unnecessary stress for children. Children do best when they are free to choose whether or not they like ‘their stepparents. Children can thrive when they have several grownups that care about them.

The home-base parent can help by supporting the relationship between children and their far away parent. Parents need to show by their words and actions, that the stepparent will never take the place of Dad or Mom. Although if may be difficult, it helps when parents encourage children’s relationships with stepparents – they are additions to children’s lives, not replacements of parents.


Children who haven’t seen a parent in a long time often believe they are unlovable. Parents need to reassure children they are LOVABLE and that parents will always love them (even though parents don’t always like everything children say or do). Children under age seven need to be told they are lovable over and over because their brains don’t understand “always” yet.

Parents cannot make up for disappointments and hurt feelings of children caused by others. It is common for parents to disappoint children – by telling children they can’t do something or have something they want or by breaking promises or by irregular contact. When children are disappointed about the other parent, LISTEN and offer comfort without cutting down the other parent. Parents do not have to agree with, or fix children’s feelings. Help children by reflecting back what children say and feel. For instance, “I can tell you are disappointed about …”, “You must be wondering why you haven’t heard from your mother/father.” “Maybe you don’t feel lovable because it has been so long since you have seen him/her.”, “I can tell you are angry or frustrated or sad or lonely or…”, “I wish I knew what to say to help.” “This is very disappointing.” Reflecting back (like a mirror) lets children know parents hear them, understand how they feel and care about them. Many times, this is all parents can do and exactly what children need.

Because parents can’t “fix” what happens between children and their other parent, parents’ greatest gift is to listen to children and offer them comfort. If parents talk down about the other parent, children are forced to take sides and are caught in the middle. Children feel guilty and disloyal when they take-sides by DEFENDING a parent or by NOT DEFENDING a parent being cut down. This is not fair to children and is harmful. Children need room to learn about both parents on their own.


Children benefit greatly when a parent they haven’t seen or heard from in months or years reestablishes REGULAR AND PREDICTABLE contact. Often the home-base parent mistrusts the motives of the reappearing parent or wants to punish that parent for not being around. The home-base parent may feel the other parent gave up all rights to a relationship with the children by disappearing out of the children’s lives. Maybe the home-base parent wants to protect the children from building hope only to have the other parent leave again.

It is important to understand children benefit when they have a chance to rebuild a HEALTHY RELATIONSHIP with their other parent, It is also important that this relationship is rebuilt gradually to allow trust to develop. Obviously, parents must take care to keep the relationship from being interrupted again so children don’t have to go through additional unnecessary pain.


There are additional financial burdens when parenting long-distance. Vicki Lansky in her Divorce Book for Parents, (163) suggests, “Try to accept that all these costs are simply extra and think of them as you would any other investment with long-term benefits.” Dr. Ricci (205) suggests parents consider these questions: Who will pay for travel: Both parents? In what proportions? What about rising costs? What priority will travel money have in family budgets? What happens if somebody fails to come through? Will older children contribute? Will certain money-saving measures be written into the agreement to ensure the lowest fares?

TIPS FOR THE FAR AWAY PARENT (compiled from Dr. Isolina Ricci and Vicki Lansky)

  1. Reassure your children you will still be connected with them when they are living with their other parent.
  2. Give your child immediate proof of your connection with him or her – a phone call on arrival at the new place, perhaps a phone installed in the child’s room.
  3. Contact your child’s school so you know a little about his or her world.
  4. Call your children (who are old enough) at least weekly.
  5. Give your children stamped, self-addressed envelopes and post cards so they can write to you.
  6. Send cassette or videotapes of yourself, reading bedtime stories, showing parts of your day, etc.
  7. Mail pictures of you, your life and environment.
  8. Collect things that remind you of your children and put them in a “Thinking of you” box. Date the items, and look at them together next time they are with you.
  9. When calling on special occasions, predetermined times for phone calls are usually helpful.
  10. If your budget allows, try watching a TV show or TV sports event “together” by phone for awhile, longdistance.
  11. Keep a running list (like a grocery list) of things you’d like to share with your children during the week. Encourage your children to do the same.
  12. Children love to receive mail, so write as often as you can. Even a postcard is enjoyed. This is not the time to preach and teach. Parents mistakenly believe preaching and teaching proves they are good parents.
  13. Each time your children are with you be prepared for changes – new habits, likes and dislikes.
  14. Let your children know you miss them, but that you have an interesting life that continues when they are not with you, so that they don’t feel guilty about your loneliness.
  15. Take advantage of children’s activities in your community: library story hours, park programs, day camps.
  16. Videotape your activities with your children so they can watch themselves with you between the times they see you.


(from Children of Divorce by M. Baris and C. Garrity & Vicki Lansky’s Divorce Book for Parents)

Suggestions for CHILDREN FROM 0 to 2 1/2 YEARS OLD:

Telephone calling doesn’t work well at this age because children are unable to speak well. Frequent reminders that their for away parent exists and cares about the child are important to help the child hold a memory of the parent in mind. Phone calls are more possible at the later end of this stage even though children this age won’t do much talking. Hearing a parent’s voice is the main goal of a call.

  1. Send many pictures.
  2. Send cassette or videotapes of yourself:
  1. Use the Child’s name frequently
  2. sing children’s songs
  3. tell favorite stories
  1. Send little colorful, fun amusements:
  1. paper cutouts
  2. stickers
  3. autumn leaves, sea shells, whatever is found in your locale
  4. paper hats
  5. homemade items

4. Send cards at holidays and special occasions.

Suggestions for CHILDREN FROM 2 1/2 YEARS – 5 YEARS OLD:

Preschool aged children have very different abilities to talk on the phone. Yet all of them love to listen. Keep in mind parents will carry on a one-way conversation of this age. Avoid “why” questions. Children almost always respond, “I don’t know.” Young children have a hard time answering open-ended questions, such as “What did you do this week?” or “How are you?” Specific questions about details in their lives are the best way to get information, such as “Did you go to the playground this week?”

1. Frequent phone calls with planned topics.

2. Send cassette tapes, videos or letters is often as possible:

  1. Tell about yourself and use your children’s names often.
  2. Talk about shared experiences, such as “Remember the day we went to the zoo? You dropped your snow cone and we had to buy a new one and the monkeys were so silly.”
  3. Read stories onto cassette or video tapes.
  4. Send pictures cut from magazines and photos. Most children also love riddles.

3. Send a drawing you have started to your child to finish. Enclose a stamped, self-addressed envelope so it can be returned to you. Talk about the drawing on the phone or on a taped message.

4. Children love to receive little treats in the mail:

a. stickers

b. baseball cards

c. balloons

d. small pieces of candy

e. homemade items

f. photographs

5. Send a magazine subscription and get one for yourself, too. Read and share the stories over the phone or on tape.


Suggestions for CHILDREN FROM 6 YEARS – 12 YEARS OLD:

Many of the suggestions for preschool-aged children work for school age children if adapted to older ages. Children always love to receive mail. Phone calls may be more conversational since children this age are more able to carry an a two-way conversation. Tapes can be sent in both directions with children making them also. Because children are now older, parents can share more interests, hobbies, and remembering experiences.

  1. Plan to watch the same T.V. program and then phone to discuss it.
  2. Practice reading over the phone by sending your child a reading book at his/her level and listening with your own copy in front of you.
  3. Send local objects or news clippings of interest. Pick favorite topics – computers, new fashion trends, whatever your child is interested in. Preaching is usually not well received.
  4. Send coded messages. These can be sent in postcard form after the initial code “dictionary” is sent. (Receiving a postcard each day is great fun for children who love mail.)
  5. Send magic tricks – children adore these.
  6. Purchase some equipment for your children’s special hobbies or interests. Things like dance shoes, a football, the next karate belt, a backpack, or a lunch box With

3 Special character. The idea is that something that is a part of your child’s life was sent specifically by you.

  • Send a cute card when you don’t have much to say.
  • Work up a game of chess or checkers you can play by mail.


Suggestions for CHILDREN FROM 12 YEARS – 17 YEARS OLD.

Teenagers can assume some responsibility for traveling to be with their far away parent. However, whether parents live together or separately, teenage years are when individual interests, school, sports and friends can seem more important than being with2 parent. Also, part time jobs can be important to teenagers during breaksfrom school.

Parents shouldn’t be surprised if teenagers choose to spend school breaks working or involved in sports. A helpful hint is for parents not to take this personally. This is a normal part of teenager’s healthy growth away from family and towards independence and is not a sign that parents are not important. Continue to let teens know parents are interested and love them even if teenagers are unresponsive to efforts to have a relationship across a distance. Let teens know parents are happy to hear from them anytime and see them when they are ready. Many young adults reestablish relationships with parents once they are out of high school.

  1. Frequent calling sometimes feels like prying to teens. Call from time to time and give permission for them to call you whenever they like. Show them how to do this at your expense (perhaps collect or credit Card). When they call, try not to criticize or question excessively.
  2. Send food. Teenagers love to eat. Send gift certificates for restaurants.
  3. Be aware of their interests and send related objects or news clippings. Pick favorite topics – computers, new fashion trends, whatever your child is interested in. Preaching is usually not well received.
  4. Most teens have some interest in knowing more about their heritage or roots. Send items or taped messages of interest about family background.
  5. Share a magazine subscription in a subject of interest; skiing, racquetball, dancing, skating.
  6. Arrange to purchase tickets to a local athletic or concert and send them.



  • Do you lose your temper frequently or easily?
  • Do you drink alcohol or use drugs excessively?
  • Are you extremely jealous of other people important to your partner?
  • Do you monopolize the free time of your partner?
  • Do you insist on knowing where your partner is at 211 times?
  • Do you have rigid ideas about the roles for Wives and husbands?
  • Did your dad hit you or your mom?

If you answered ‘yes’ to these questions, you may be a batterer. If the above questions apply to your partner, you may be abused Get support, understanding and help to change. Please go to the Domestic Violence portion of this website for numbers and programs that can assist you.


  • You feel controlled by your partner’s looks, actions, voice or threats
  • You feel crazy or bad about yourself because s/he says you cause all the problems
  • There is a sense of overkill in your partner’s cruelty or kindness
  • You are fearful when your partner is angry
  • Your behavior constantly focuses on keeping your partner from becoming angry


  • You are -kicked, shoved, slapped, chased, punched, thrown, or worse.
  • You are afraid to express your feelings for fear of your partner’s response.
  • You are forced to have Sex against Your Will.
  • You are forcibly isolated from friends and relatives.


  • Drinking DOES NOT cause abuse!
  • It Only takes ONE person to be violent!
  • Only batterers Can STOP the abuse – not the person being abused!
  • Just because your partner is sorry DOES NOT mean the abuse will stop!


Answers to these questions will help you decide if you feel safe and secure.

  • Has your partner stopped being violent or threatening towards YOU and others?
  • Does Your partner still make YOU afraid?
  • Can your partner be angry without becoming verbally or physically abusive?
  • Can you express anger toward your partner without being attacked?
  • Can your partner hear and respect what you say even though s/he may not agree?
  • Can your partner negotiate with you without being accusatory or controlling?
  • Can your partner respect your right to say “no”?
  • Can your partner let you know what s/he is feeling most of ‘the time?
  • Is your partner able to express feelings other than anger?
  • Does s/he still make you feel responsible for his/her anger & frustrations?
  • Does your partner respect your right to be different & to make your own decisions?
  • Do you feel respected and listened to when you speak?
  • Can you go cut, or to school, or get a job without permission?